The foregoing has reviewed the major achievements in bat and ball regulation over the past decade. While the games of baseball and softball enjoy a long and rich history, much of the science surrounding bat and ball performance has largely been overlooked. Recent research has made significant contributions that have increased our understanding of the science behind the game. This has lead to improved test measures with increased reliability.
Advances in technology have made the game more exciting and enjoyable, giving the player more options and greater flexibility. Improved equipment has presented challenges in regulation, requiring the adoption of new test methods to accommodate technological advances. Test methods will continue to be studied and developed that help ensure fun and fair competition, while maintaining the integrity of the game.